Carolina Finishing and Coating .LLC
Carolina Finishing and Coating .LLC

Caroling Finishing and Coating: Quality Aluminum Anodizing for lengths up to 30 feet 6 inches

Carolina Finishing and Coating: Quality Aluminum Anodizing for lengths up to 30 feet 6 inches

Original specifications for anodizing were all proprietary with each company having its own method. The Aluminum Association unified the main specifications (Publication 45: “Designation system for aluminum finishes”). However, the publication is only a reference on the final mechanical, chemical and coating parameters, and it does not fully provide the picture on how to achieve those designations. In general, the process is described by the following designation:

 

AA M33 C22 A44

 

AA = Aluminum Association

 

M10 = Unspecified (e.g. M33 Mechanical Finished)

 

C22 = Medium matte etched (Example: Sodium hydroxide 130 – 150 °F for 5 to 10 minutes)

 

A44 = Architectural Class I (0.7 mil and greater coating), Deposited Color Coating (Example of Method: 15 % H2SO4 used at 70 ± 2 °F at 12 amp per sq. ft for 60 min, followed by electrolytic deposition of inorganic pigment in the coating)

 

The AAMA designation translates to CFC’s product codes according to the following table:

 

  Available Colors

  Class I Finish

  Other Names

  AAMA Designation for Aluminum Finishes*

  AAMA Specification

  Clear

  CFC-215

  Class I (>0.7mil)

  AA-M10C22A41

  AAMA 611

  Light Bronze

  CFC-442

  2-Step Champagne

  AA-M10C22A44

  AAMA 611

  Medium Bronze

  CFC-443

  2-Step Medium Bronze

  AA-M10C22A44

  AAMA 611

  Dark Bronze

  CFC-444

  2-Step Dark Bronze

 AA-M10C22A44

  AAMA 611

  Black

  CFC-446

 2-Step Black

  AA-M10C22A44

  AAMA 611

 

Available Colors

Class II Finish

Other Names

AAMA Designation for Aluminum Finishes*

AAMA Specification

Clear

CFC-204

Class II(0.4-0.7mil)

AA-M10C22A31

AAMA 611

Light Bronze

CFC-342

2-Step Champagne

AA-M10C22A34

AAMA 611

Medium Bronze

CFC-343

2-Step Medium Bronze

AA-M10C22A34

AAMA 611

Dark Bronze

CFC-344

2-Step Dark Bronze

AA-M10C22A34

AAMA 611

Black

CFC-346

2-Step Black

AA-M10C22A34

AAMA 611

 

AA Aluminum Association

 

M10 Unspecified as Fabricated

 

C22 Medium Matte Etch

 

A41 Anodized Finish – Class I – Clear

A31 Anodized Finish – Class II – Clear

A44 Anodized Finish – Class I – Electrolytically Deposited Color (2-step)

PROCESS:

To achieve A44 (Color Coating), the method is shown in the following sketch:

The following are the steps and process parameters CFC follows for achieving the Color Coating.

 

1. RECEIVING: Upon receiving Customer Parts, a work order is assigned 

 

2. UNPACKING: Parts are inspected and counted once container is opened for process. If container has visible damage, we will open and inspect immediately upon receiving and notify Customer of damages. Digital photos will be taken of damaged packaging and parts for records keeping purposes.

 

3. RACKING: To minimize handling, parts go directly from unpacking to racking. We will have an agreement with Customer as to the rack point on each part.  We must have a positive contact on each part. 

 

4. ETCHING: Following the cleaner, the parts are dipped in a caustic etch, normally 4 to 8 minutes, depending on the condition of the metal and the desired finish. The etch makes the aluminum surface uniform in appearance and helps to hide die marks or irregularities. Normally, any scratch that can be picked up by dragging a fingernail across the metal

will be reduced but not totally removed. Any polishing or spot sanding in one area, or cross graining will be visible.

Tank temperature = 120-130 °F

Tank Mix: Sodium Hydroxide (Caustic Soda 50%) with high concentration of additives and chelating agents. Aluminum level is controlled from 120-160 grams/liter

Control Methods: Titration of Free Caustic, Titration of

Chelators, Titration of Additives

Note: Caustic gives the “matte” finish (AAMA C22 Medium Matte)

 

5. ETCH RINSE: As soon as the etching timer rings, parts must be removed from the etching tank and dipped into the etching rinse tank.

Tank temperature = Room temperature

Tank liquid: water

Note: Etching does not remove all impurities, rising is carried out to effectively finish the previous reaction and to prevent cross contamination between steps

 

6. DESMUTT: After rinsing, parts are dipped into a Dioxide Desmutt tank for 2-3 minutes to remove the smut left on the part after the etching process. The alloy of the aluminum will determine the time to remove the smut on the part, and parts may need to be dipped more than once to loosen impurities.

Tank temperature = Room Temperature

Tank mix: Houghton A-1714A, Dioxide Desmutt solution

 

7. DESMUTT RINSING: After leaving the desmutt tank, parts are dipped in a room temperature water rinse to remove any residue left on the surface of the aluminum. At this point, it may even be necessary to hoist parts to a rinse area and rinse with pressurized water to thoroughly remove all impurities.

 

8. ANODIZING: Once parts have been etched and thoroughly cleaned, they are moved to the sulfuric anodizing tank to be anodized per customer required specification. The time and amperage will be listed for each load, with the total surface area of the load and desired

thickness (i.e. greater than 0.7mil for Class I) being the determining factor.

Tank temperature = 68-72 °F

Tank mix: Sulfuric Acid, 175-185 grams/liter; Dissolved Aluminum, 8-12 grams/liter

Current Density: 12-15 Amps/Sz.Ft.

Control Methods: Titration of Sulfuric Acid; Titration of Dissolved Aluminum

 

9. ANODIZING RINSE: After anodizing, the parts are moved to a room temperature water rinse to remove any sulfuric acid left on the surface of the part.

 

10. MEASURING COATING THICKNESS: The coating thickness is measured and recorded for proper thickness specified. A coating reader must be used to take measurement in at least two sides of the part. (Readings should be greater than 0.70 mil for Class I)

Note: In case the coating is less than 0.70 mil; the parts are dipped into the anodizing tank again (step 9) for an additional 5 to 6 minutes (depending on load size), and steps 10 and 11 are repeated

.

11. ELECTROLYTIC COLORING: If parts are to remain Clear coated, and NOT to be colored, then they will proceed to step #14. If the job specifies coloring, then the parts are dipped in the Electrolytic Coloring (Two-Step) tank, where coloring is accomplished by the electrical deposition of metallic particles near the base of the anodic pores. The depth of the metal deposit within the pore determines the color of the film, from champagne, through various bronzes, to black. The metal used is Tin (Sn). Color is determined by time and voltage applied, and is controlled by programmable timers (see photo at right) set by the operator.

Tank temperature = 68-72 °F

Tank mix: Tin Sulfate Solution

Control Methods: Titration of Additive; Titration of Free Sulfuric Acid

 

12. COLORING RINSE: As soon as the coloring timer alarm sounds, the parts are hoisted from

the coloring tank and dipped immediately in a rinse tank of room temperature water, washing off any stannic oxide solids from the coloring bath, preventing contamination and lowering of the pH of the seal bath that follows. This is essential to preventing the formation of insoluble salts that could create smut problems in the seal bath.

 

13. SEALING: The parts are then lowered into the seal tank for 8 to 10 minutes. The seal is a nickel-based solution that acts to render the anodic coating inert, insuring a surface that is non-staining, non-absorbing, non-reacting, and non-corrosive.

Tank temperature = 88-92 °F

Tank mix: Nickel Fluoride Solution, pH = 5.8-6.2

Control Methods: Titration of Additives, Measurement of pH, Measurement of Fluoride

 

14. SEAL RINSE: After sealing, the parts are moved to a hot water tank for 2-3 minutes to assist in sealing and to speed cure time.

Tank temperature = 120-130 °F

Tank mix: water

 

15. DRYING: The parts will be dried 30 minutes with a Steam heater in (cold weather) prior to unracking.

 

16. UNRACKING: Cloth, knit gloves will be used for handling in unracking.  Parts are either unracked to buggies (specially designed if necessary) or carried directly to the curing area.

 

17. CURING: 24-48 hours (depending on ambient temperature) is recommended for proper curing of the seal before packing.  Part buggies are marked with the date and time they were

unracked so that curing time can be tracked before packing begins. 

 

18. MODIFIED DYE STAIN TEST: Random parts are selected for testing the quality of the seal using the industry standard Modified Dye Stain Test. Results will be recorded and tracked in an electronic database.

 

19. PACKING: Packing will be done according to Customer’s instructions.

CAROLINA FINISHING AND COATING 441 Countryside Road Kings Mountain, NC

 

Contact Information:

CAROLINA FINISHING AND COATING, LLC
441 Countryside Rd
Kings Mountain,NC  28086

Phone: +1 704/7308233 +1 704/7308233

Experienced anodizing professionals.

Mr. Maurice Badawy brings 23 years of experience and knowledge in the aluminum anodizing business to CFC, and has assembled a highly qualified staff with over 95 years of experience combined. Together we are CFC Anodizing, bringing you unsurpassed quality and customer service.